Census on Foreign Liabilities and Assets of Indian Direct Investment Entities for 2021-22 – Data release

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Today, the Reserve Bank launched the provisional outcomes of the 2021-221 spherical of the annual census on overseas liabilities and belongings (FLA) masking cross-border liabilities and belongings of the entities with inward/outward direct funding (DI). These entities embody firms, restricted legal responsibility partnerships (LLPs), various funding funds (AIFs) and partnership corporations.

Out of the 34,079 entities which responded within the newest census spherical, 30,754 reported overseas direct funding (FDI) and/or abroad direct funding (ODI) of their steadiness sheet as at end-March 2022. Of these entities, 26,670 had additionally reported within the earlier census spherical and 4,084 have been newly reporting within the present spherical. More than three-fourths of the businesses that reported inward direct funding have been subsidiaries of overseas firms (i.e., single overseas investor holding greater than 50 per cent of complete FDI fairness).

The census captures detailed data on (a) market worth of liabilities and belongings of Indian DI entities arising on account of cross-border direct and different investments; and (b) different business parameters (exercise sector, gross sales, buy, exports and imports). The variations in excellent belongings / liabilities between the start and finish of a monetary 12 months can be completely different from flows recorded in India’s steadiness of funds (BoP) statistics in the course of the 12 months, as the previous would additionally embody valuation modifications on account of value and alternate charge actions.

Main Findings:

  • Nearly 97 per cent of the responding entities have been unlisted: they accounted for the majority of FDI fairness capital in India (Tables 1 and 2A).

  • Non-financial firms continued to obtain most of the FDI fairness (at face worth) (Table 2B).

  • During 2021-22, the market worth of FDI in India elevated by 17.3 per cent within the rupee phrases; FDI for listed and unlisted2 firms elevated by 17.0 per cent and 17.7 per cent, respectively (Table 3A).

  • As the expansion in market worth of FDI outpaced that of ODI, the ratio of inward to outward direct funding elevated to six.3 instances in March 2022 as in contrast with 5.6 instances a 12 months in the past and 4.7 instances two years in the past (Table 3B).

  • Other funding liabilities {viz., commerce credit score, loans, forex & deposits and different payable with unrelated (third occasion) non-resident entities} recorded an increase throughout 2021-22 and the corresponding abroad belongings lined 44.2 per cent of such liabilities (Table 4).

  • Mauritius, the United States, Singapore and the United Kingdom collectively accounted for over 60 per cent of FDI in India. In case of ODI, Singapore continued to be the most well-liked vacation spot adopted by the United States and Netherlands (Tables 5 and 6).

  • Manufacturing sector attracted the most important share of FDI fairness, each at market worth in addition to at face worth (Tables 7 and 8).

  • In the companies sector, ‘data & communication’ and ‘monetary & insurance actions’ attracted a considerable portion of the FDI (Table 8).

  • Sales and purchases of overseas subsidiary entities in India elevated by 31.0 per cent and 37.3 per cent, respectively, within the rupee phrases throughout 2021-22 (Tables 9A and 9B).

  • Foreign subsidiaries in India maintained sturdy exterior commerce hyperlinks: exports and imports accounted for almost a 3rd of their gross sales and purchases, respectively. ‘Information and communication’ sector had the very best export depth (74.2 per cent share in complete gross sales) (Tables 9A to 9D).

  • Overseas subsidiaries of Indian firms recorded over 40 per cent enlargement in business throughout 2021-22 within the rupee phrases. They additionally maintained outward wanting and their export-to-gross sales and import-to-buy ratios stood at 50.1 per cent and 61.5 per cent, respectively, throughout 2021-22. (Tables 10A to 10D).

  • The distinction within the buy-to-gross sales ratio of abroad subsidiaries of Indian firms (82.8 per cent) as in contrast with that of overseas subsidiaries in India (74.0 per cent) displays the divergence of their focus areas, nature of markets and patterns of worth addition.

Rupambara           
Director (Communications)

Press Release: 2022-2023/909


Table 1: Coverage in FLA Census, 2021-22
Category Types of Entity No. of Entities with Direct Investment
Both Inward & Outward Only Inward Only Outward Total
1 2 3 4 5 6
Unlisted Foreign Associate firms in India 401 4,886 5,287
Foreign Subsidiary firms in India 339 20,057 20,396
Alternative Investment Funds 74 236 23 333
LLP1 and Partnership Firms 2 825 209 1,036
Other firms2 2,753 2,753
Total 816 26,004 2,985 29,805
Listed Foreign Associate firms in India 79 149 228
Foreign Subsidiary firms in India 32 77 109
Other firms 612 612
Total 111 226 612 949
Grand Total 927 26,230 3,597 30,754
1 Limited Liabilities Partnership (LLP)
2 Includes entities who’ve solely abroad direct funding

Table 2A: Foreign Equity Participation of FDI entities – Listed and Unlisted
(quantity in ₹ crore at face worth, end-March 2022)
Category Listed
(337)
Unlisted
(26,820)
Total
(27,157)
Amount per cent Amount per cent Amount
1 2 3 4 5 6
Paid-Up Capital 73,315 7.0 9,69,620 93.0 10,42,935
   of which: Equity Capital 68,991 6.9 9,36,898 93.1 10,05,889
      of which: FDI Equity Capital 17,553 2.2 7,89,707 97.8 8,07,260
Note:
1. Numbers in parenthesis point out the quantity of entities within the respective class.
2. Components might not add as much as the full on account of rounding off (relevant for all tables).

Table 2B: Foreign Equity Participation of FDI entities – Financial and Non-Financial
(quantity in ₹ crore at face worth, end-March 2022)
Category No of Entities Paid Up Capital (PUC) Total Equity (PUC excluding Non-Participating Preference Share) Equity completely beneath FDI scheme % share of FDI in Total Equity
1 2 3 4 5 6
Financial 1,177 1,17,622 1,14,735 95,054 82.8
Non-Financial 25,980 9,25,313 8,91,154 7,12,206 79.9
Total 27,157 10,42,935 10,05,889 8,07,260 80.3

Table 3A: Inward Direct Investment for Listed and Unlisted entities
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Direct Investment Listed Companies Unlisted Companies Total % Growth (₹ phrases)
2021 2022 2021 2022 2021 2022
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Equity 21,44,140 25,12,722 18,77,842 22,17,595 40,21,982 47,30,317 17.6
Debt 7,532 3,955 1,89,958 2,15,572 1,97,490 2,19,527 11.2
Total 21,51,672 25,16,677 20,67,800 24,33,167 42,19,472 49,49,844 17.3

Table 3B: Total Inward and Outward Direct Investment
Direct Investment Inward Outward
2021 2022 2021 2022
₹ crore US$ million ₹ crore US$ million ₹ crore US$ million ₹ crore US$ million
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Equity 40,21,982 5,47,173 47,30,317 6,23,994 5,66,490 77,069 6,18,008 81,524
Debt 1,97,490 26,868 2,19,527 28,959 1,92,164 26,143 1,72,556 22,763
Total 42,19,472 5,74,041 49,49,844 6,52,953 7,58,654 1,03,212 7,90,564 1,04,287
Note: The quantity in US$ phrases is arrived at by utilizing 12 months-finish rupee/ greenback alternate charge

Table 4: Other Foreign Liabilities and Assets of Direct Investment Entities
Other Investment Outstanding liabilities with unrelated occasion Outstanding belongings with unrelated occasion
2021 2022 2021 2022
₹ crore US$ million ₹ crore US$ million ₹ crore US$ million ₹ crore US$ million
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Trade Credits 3,61,885 49,233 4,85,709 64,072 2,93,295 39,902 3,44,586 45,456
Loans 7,44,965 1,01,349 8,17,613 1,07,854 2,96,039 40,275 3,31,017 43,666
Currency & Deposits 5,20,881 70,864 5,50,166 72,574 1,29,760 17,653 1,26,626 16,704
Other receivable and payable accounts 2,37,963 32,374 2,86,533 37,798 1,61,615 21,987 1,43,626 18,946
Total 18,65,694 2,53,820 21,40,021 2,82,298 8,80,709 1,19,817 9,45,855 1,24,772

Table 5: Country-wise distribution of Inward Direct Investment
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Country Name Equity Debt Total FDI % share in 2021-22
2021 2022 2021 2022 2021 2022
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Mauritius 6,12,652 7,85,649 27,613 28,002 6,40,265 8,13,651 16.4
United States of America 7,25,433 8,07,634 -2,776 -656 7,22,657 8,06,978 16.3
Singapore 5,31,828 7,02,394 56,273 61,819 5,88,101 7,64,213 15.4
United Kingdom 5,99,249 5,89,355 6,144 8,085 6,05,393 5,97,440 12.1
Netherlands 3,78,484 4,32,086 38,142 41,009 4,16,626 4,73,095 9.6
Japan 3,24,966 3,62,347 16,268 14,683 3,41,234 3,77,030 7.6
Switzerland 2,32,554 2,58,924 2,984 3,107 2,35,538 2,62,031 5.3
France 1,03,783 1,64,132 4,294 3,746 1,08,077 1,67,878 3.4
Germany 1,08,700 1,50,833 7,615 9,431 1,16,315 1,60,264 3.2
South Korea 77,677 87,825 11,701 14,594 89,378 1,02,419 2.1
Other Countries 3,26,656 3,89,138 29,232 35,707 3,55,888 4,24,845 8.6
All Countries 40,21,982 47,30,317 1,97,490 2,19,527 42,19,472 49,49,844 100.0

Table 6: Country-wise distribution of Outward Direct Investment
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Country Name Equity Debt Total ODI % share in 2021-22
2021 2022 2021 2022 2021 2022
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Singapore 1,28,298 1,41,583 22,518 43,901 1,50,816 1,85,484 23.5
United States of America 59,304 79,084 68,788 28,781 1,28,092 1,07,865 13.6
Netherlands 78,510 79,370 17,471 18,891 95,981 98,261 12.4
Mauritius 65,633 58,119 23,069 23,457 88,702 81,576 10.3
United Kingdom 49,316 61,057 6,134 7,421 55,450 68,478 8.7
United Arab Emirates 38,489 43,435 14,128 15,854 52,617 59,289 7.5
Jersey 25,626 29,206 109 79 25,735 29,285 3.7
Switzerland 20,818 19,097 7,481 8,748 28,299 27,845 3.5
Bermuda 11,550 11,619 4 22 11,554 11,641 1.5
Cyprus 10,652 7,901 1,844 2,007 12,496 9,908 1.3
Other Countries 78,294 87,537 30,618 23,395 1,08,912 1,10,932 14.0
All Countries 5,66,490 6,18,008 1,92,164 1,72,556 7,58,654 7,90,564 100.0

Table 7: Activity-wise fairness participation of the Direct Investment entities
(quantity in ₹ crore at face worth, end-March 2022)
Activity Total Equity (PUC excluding Non-Participating Preference Share) Equity completely beneath FDI scheme % share of FDI in Total Equity
1 2 3 4
1. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied actions 2,568 2,416 94.1
2. Mining 4,949 3,671 74.2
3. Manufacturing 4,00,097 3,53,681 88.4
4. Electricity, gasoline, steam and air-con provide 65,562 43,675 66.6
5. Water provide; sewerage, waste administration and remediation actions 4,426 3,593 81.2
6. Construction 37,403 28,499 76.2
7. Information and communication 1,54,751 1,10,149 71.2
8. Other Services 3,36,133 2,61,576 77.8
Total 10,05,889 8,07,260 80.3

Table 8: Activity-wise distribution of 27,157 FDI entities
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March 2022)
Activity No. of entities Equity Debt Total FDI % share of Total FDI
1 2 3 4 5 6
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied actions 143 7,906 465 8,371 0.2
B. Mining 142 11,659 5,420 17,079 0.3
C. Manufacturing 6,018 22,90,776 1,18,480 24,09,256 48.7
Manufacture of meals merchandise 280 1,75,198 5,188 1,80,386 3.6
Manufacture of drinks 50 65,008 57 65,065 1.3
Manufacture of tobacco merchandise 5 76,079 76,079 1.5
Manufacture of textiles 173 6,375 925 7,300 0.1
Manufacture of sporting attire 82 28,142 687 28,829 0.6
Manufacture of leather-based and associated merchandise 35 14,226 35 14,261 0.3
Manufacture of wooden and merchandise of wooden and cork, besides furnishings 11 24 35 59 0.0
Manufacture of paper and paper merchandise 60 3,236 188 3,424 0.1
Printing and replica of recorded media 27 2,106 7 2,113 0.0
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum merchandise 26 45,825 143 45,968 0.9
Manufacture of chemical compounds and chemical merchandise 430 1,86,924 6,799 1,93,723 3.9
Manufacture of prescription drugs, medicinal chemical and botanical merchandise 324 1,92,491 13,581 2,06,072 4.2
Manufacture of rubber and plastics merchandise 251 34,808 2,419 37,227 0.8
Manufacture of different non-metallic mineral merchandise 69 71,836 504 72,340 1.5
Manufacture of fundamental metals 99 1,66,424 31,139 1,97,563 4.0
Manufacture of fabricated metallic merchandise, besides equipment and tools 238 26,991 1,908 28,899 0.6
Manufacture of pc, digital and optical merchandise 230 92,084 10,997 1,03,081 2.1
Manufacture of electrical tools 451 1,12,121 5,741 1,17,862 2.4
Manufacture of equipment and tools not elsewhere categorized 1,030 1,81,797 8,822 1,90,619 3.9
Manufacture of motor automobiles, trailers and semi-trailers 229 2,50,968 9,329 2,60,297 5.3
Manufacture of different transport tools 139 39,568 1,746 41,314 0.8
Manufacture of furnishings 38 1,080 91 1,171 0.0
Other manufacturing 1,528 5,11,480 17,801 5,29,281 10.7
Repair and set up of equipment and tools 213 5,985 338 6,323 0.1
D. Electricity, gasoline, steam and air-con provide 730 2,17,166 15,080 2,32,246 4.7
E. Water provide; sewerage, waste administration and remediation actions 146 5,310 96 5,406 0.1
F. Construction 895 57,801 28,019 85,820 1.7
G. Services 19,083 21,39,699 51,967 21,91,666 44.3
1. Wholesale and retail commerce; restore of motor automobiles and bikes 2,410 99,709 11,784 1,11,493 2.3
2. Transportation and storage 615 86,404 2,638 89,042 1.8
3. Accommodation and Food service actions 530 33,574 3,558 37,132 0.8
4. Information and communication 7,627 9,13,819 1,336 9,15,155 18.5
5. Financial and insurance actions 1,228 7,44,055 12,491 7,56,546 15.3
6. Real property actions 293 16,948 7,597 24,545 0.5
7. Other Services actions 6,380 2,45,190 12,563 2,57,753 5.1
Total 27,157 47,30,317 2,19,527 49,49,844 100.0

Table 9A: Activity-wise Sales of 20,505* Foreign subsidiary firms in India
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Activity No. of Companies 2020-21 2021-22 % share in Total (2021-22)
1 2 3 4 5
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied actions 59 7,599 9,049 0.2
B. Mining 47 1,287 1,660 0.0
C. Manufacturing 3,761 14,78,051 19,11,930 48.9
Manufacture of meals merchandise 154 77,275 98,624 2.5
Manufacture of drinks 16 59,444 69,049 1.8
Manufacture of tobacco merchandise 1 81 181 0.0
Manufacture of textiles 73 5,273 8,181 0.2
Manufacture of sporting attire 50 3,873 5,502 0.1
Manufacture of leather-based and associated merchandise 19 3,733 5,746 0.1
Manufacture of wooden and merchandise of wooden and cork, besides furnishings 5 136 173 0.0
Manufacture of paper and paper merchandise 36 8,359 12,048 0.3
Printing and replica of recorded media 14 641 799 0.0
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum merchandise 13 20,090 26,545 0.7
Manufacture of chemical compounds and chemical merchandise 278 1,26,264 1,78,785 4.6
Manufacture of prescription drugs, medicinal chemical and botanical merchandise 167 70,860 78,677 2.0
Manufacture of rubber and plastics merchandise 158 34,960 46,535 1.2
Manufacture of different non-metallic mineral merchandise 38 20,029 25,183 0.6
Manufacture of fundamental metals 53 21,749 38,268 1.0
Manufacture of fabricated metallic merchandise, besides equipment and tools 138 15,208 22,720 0.6
Manufacture of pc, digital and optical merchandise 148 2,06,052 2,70,268 6.9
Manufacture of electrical tools 315 1,02,116 1,29,058 3.3
Manufacture of equipment and tools not elsewhere categorized 717 1,15,431 1,47,566 3.8
Manufacture of motor automobiles, trailers and semi-trailers 142 2,79,620 3,51,261 9.0
Manufacture of different transport tools 94 44,375 58,983 1.5
Manufacture of furnishings 20 1,241 1,406 0.0
Other manufacturing 954 2,49,993 3,26,859 8.5
Repair and set up of equipment and tools 158 11,248 9,513 0.2
D. Electricity, gasoline, steam and air-con provide 306 22,751 27,531 0.7
E. Water provide; sewerage, waste administration and remediation actions 77 4,067 5,738 0.1
F. Construction 347 27,418 33,538 0.9
G. Services 12,304 14,46,566 19,23,599 49.2
1. Wholesale and retail commerce; restore of motor automobiles and bikes 1,624 3,86,251 5,11,023 13.1
2. Transportation and storage 357 73,022 1,11,570 2.9
3. Accommodation and Food service actions 196 6,414 17,354 0.4
4. Information and communication 5,489 6,79,968 8,68,560 22.2
5. Financial and insurance actions 375 54,689 69,873 1.8
6. Real property actions 93 10,029 11,227 0.3
7. Other Services actions 4,170 2,36,193 3,33,992 8.5
Total 16,901 29,87,739 39,13,045 100.0
*Of the 20,505 subsidiary firms, 16,901 reported gross sales.

Table 9B: Activity-wise Purchase of 20,505* Foreign subsidiary firms in India
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Activity No. of Companies 2020-21 2021-22 % share in Total (2021-22)
1 2 3 4 5
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied actions 57 5,273 6,764 0.2
B. Mining 51 1,175 1,646 0.1
C. Manufacturing 3,732 11,13,941 14,86,907 51.3
Manufacture of meals merchandise 154 57,414 75,298 2.6
Manufacture of drinks 17 33,080 37,406 1.3
Manufacture of tobacco merchandise 1 53 129 0.0
Manufacture of textiles 75 2,866 5,004 0.2
Manufacture of sporting attire 52 2,321 3,641 0.1
Manufacture of leather-based and associated merchandise 18 1,765 3,463 0.1
Manufacture of wooden and merchandise of wooden and cork, besides furnishings 5 93 148 0.0
Manufacture of paper and paper merchandise 35 5,833 8,803 0.3
Printing and replica of recorded media 12 175 234 0.0
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum merchandise 13 15,937 22,131 0.8
Manufacture of chemical compounds and chemical merchandise 270 91,549 1,33,168 4.6
Manufacture of prescription drugs, medicinal chemical and botanical merchandise 175 46,381 48,129 1.7
Manufacture of rubber and plastics merchandise 159 23,905 34,397 1.2
Manufacture of different non-metallic mineral merchandise 37 13,278 17,733 0.6
Manufacture of fundamental metals 56 17,773 30,273 1.0
Manufacture of fabricated metallic merchandise, besides equipment and tools 143 10,383 16,564 0.6
Manufacture of pc, digital and optical merchandise 134 1,70,781 2,37,469 8.2
Manufacture of electrical tools 314 1,03,134 1,33,783 4.6
Manufacture of equipment and tools not elsewhere categorized 705 81,666 1,07,817 3.7
Manufacture of motor automobiles, trailers and semi-trailers 143 2,18,034 2,75,219 9.5
Manufacture of different transport tools 93 34,091 44,689 1.5
Manufacture of furnishings 22 642 826 0.0
Other manufacturing 947 1,79,252 2,45,741 8.5
Repair and set up of equipment and tools 152 3,535 4,842 0.2
D. Electricity, gasoline, steam and air-con provide 297 17,186 20,528 0.7
E. Water provide; sewerage, waste administration and remediation actions 67 2,585 4,106 0.1
F. Construction 313 21,189 24,843 0.9
G. Services 8,406 9,48,756 13,52,413 46.7
1. Wholesale and retail commerce; restore of motor automobiles and bikes 1,573 3,46,620 4,72,854 16.3
2. Transportation and storage 309 51,064 84,203 2.9
3. Accommodation and Food service actions 184 5,260 7,249 0.3
4. Information and communication 3,110 3,52,917 4,59,536 15.9
5. Financial and insurance actions 298 40,926 50,761 1.8
6. Real property actions 110 9,352 9,869 0.3
7. Other Services actions 2,822 1,42,617 2,67,941 9.2
Total 12,923 21,10,105 28,97,207 100.0
*Of the 20,505 subsidiary firms, 12,923 reported buy.

Table 9C: Activity-wise Export of 20,505* Foreign subsidiary firms in India
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Activity 2020-21 2021-22
Amount % share in Total % share in Total gross sales
1 2 3 4 5
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied actions 644 757 0.1 8.4
B. Mining 219 330 0.0 19.9
C. Manufacturing 3,06,807 4,11,693 31.2 21.5
Manufacture of meals merchandise 10,281 12,720 1.0 12.9
Manufacture of drinks 662 988 0.1 1.4
Manufacture of tobacco merchandise 81 181 0.0 100.0
Manufacture of textiles 1,718 2,783 0.2 34.0
Manufacture of sporting attire 1,909 2,636 0.2 47.9
Manufacture of leather-based and associated merchandise 458 683 0.1 11.9
Manufacture of wooden and merchandise of wooden and cork, besides furnishings 4 6 0.0 3.5
Manufacture of paper and paper merchandise 1,436 2,463 0.2 20.4
Printing and replica of recorded media 75 102 0.0 12.8
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum merchandise 6,774 8,224 0.6 31.0
Manufacture of chemical compounds and chemical merchandise 20,546 30,169 2.3 16.9
Manufacture of prescription drugs, medicinal chemical and botanical merchandise 35,920 37,800 2.9 48.0
Manufacture of rubber and plastics merchandise 8,261 11,694 0.9 25.1
Manufacture of different non-metallic mineral merchandise 1,299 1,830 0.1 7.3
Manufacture of fundamental metals 2,351 3,958 0.3 10.3
Manufacture of fabricated metallic merchandise, besides equipment and tools 2,466 3,936 0.3 17.3
Manufacture of pc, digital and optical merchandise 51,558 74,015 5.6 27.4
Manufacture of electrical tools 22,262 27,934 2.1 21.6
Manufacture of equipment and tools not elsewhere categorized 28,198 39,583 3.0 26.8
Manufacture of motor automobiles, trailers and semi-trailers 42,860 63,442 4.8 18.1
Manufacture of different transport tools 12,733 17,242 1.3 29.2
Manufacture of furnishings 422 602 0.0 42.8
Other manufacturing 49,858 66,047 5.0 20.2
Repair and set up of equipment and tools 4,675 2,655 0.2 27.9
D. Electricity, gasoline, steam and air-con provide 1,843 2,358 0.2 8.6
E. Water provide; sewerage, waste administration and remediation actions 323 420 0.0 7.3
F. Construction 1,537 1,940 0.1 5.8
G. Services 6,93,786 9,02,594 68.4 46.9
1. Wholesale and retail commerce; restore of motor automobiles and bikes 29,613 43,228 3.3 8.5
2. Transportation and storage 21,938 37,378 2.8 33.5
3. Accommodation and Food service actions 1,172 1,102 0.1 6.4
4. Information and communication 5,06,176 6,44,837 48.8 74.2
5. Financial and insurance actions 8,946 11,018 0.8 15.8
6. Real property actions 171 218 0.0 1.9
7. Other Services actions 1,25,770 1,64,813 12.5 49.3
Total 10,05,159 13,20,092 100.0 33.7
*Of the 20,505 subsidiary firms, 12,631 reported exports.

Table 9D: Activity-wise Import of 20,505* Foreign subsidiary firms in India
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Activity 2020-21 2021-22
Amount % share in Total % share in Total buy
1 2 3 4 5
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied actions 804 1,042 0.1 15.4
B. Mining 226 283 0.0 17.2
C. Manufacturing 4,84,047 6,61,393 69.4 44.5
Manufacture of meals merchandise 16,533 26,210 2.8 34.8
Manufacture of drinks 1,606 2,188 0.2 5.8
Manufacture of tobacco merchandise 22 26 0.0 20.2
Manufacture of textiles 851 1,482 0.2 29.6
Manufacture of sporting attire 1,016 1,464 0.2 40.2
Manufacture of leather-based and associated merchandise 627 787 0.1 22.7
Manufacture of wooden and merchandise of wooden and cork, besides furnishings 58 91 0.0 61.5
Manufacture of paper and paper merchandise 2,069 3,471 0.4 39.4
Printing and replica of recorded media 54 88 0.0 37.6
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum merchandise 5,591 7,235 0.8 32.7
Manufacture of chemical compounds and chemical merchandise 54,777 77,421 8.1 58.1
Manufacture of prescription drugs, medicinal chemical and botanical merchandise 21,410 20,542 2.2 42.7
Manufacture of rubber and plastics merchandise 9,151 13,764 1.4 40.0
Manufacture of different non-metallic mineral merchandise 2,116 3,353 0.4 18.9
Manufacture of fundamental metals 6,986 13,768 1.4 45.5
Manufacture of fabricated metallic merchandise, besides equipment and tools 2,798 5,226 0.5 31.6
Manufacture of pc, digital and optical merchandise 1,35,475 1,89,033 19.8 79.6
Manufacture of electrical tools 33,995 46,380 4.9 34.7
Manufacture of equipment and tools not elsewhere categorized 32,837 45,185 4.7 41.9
Manufacture of motor automobiles, trailers and semi-trailers 44,884 61,479 6.5 22.3
Manufacture of different transport tools 11,078 14,142 1.5 31.6
Manufacture of furnishings 414 452 0.0 54.7
Other manufacturing 97,847 1,24,799 13.0 50.8
Repair and set up of equipment and tools 1,852 2,807 0.3 58.0
D. Electricity, gasoline, steam and air-con provide 5,704 7,454 0.8 36.3
E. Water provide; sewerage, waste administration and remediation actions 268 459 0.0 11.2
F. Construction 1,837 2,777 0.3 11.2
G. Services 2,01,494 2,79,520 29.3 20.7
1. Wholesale and retail commerce; restore of motor automobiles and bikes 1,16,099 1,62,651 17.1 34.4
2. Transportation and storage 11,970 19,870 2.1 23.6
3. Accommodation and Food service actions 789 1,166 0.1 16.1
4. Information and communication 50,524 65,102 6.8 14.2
5. Financial and insurance actions 3,940 5,281 0.6 10.4
6. Real property actions 260 304 0.0 3.1
7. Other Services actions 17,912 25,146 2.6 9.4
Total 6,94,380 9,52,928 100.0 32.9
*Of the 20,505 subsidiary firms, 7,176 reported imports.

Table 10A: Activity-wise Sales of 6,448 Overseas Subsidiaries of 3,883 Indian entities
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Activity No. of Companies 2020-21 2021-22 % Share in Total (2021-22)
1 2 3 4 5
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied actions 15 1,463 1,740 0.2
B. Mining 69 12,358 10,744 1.3
C. Manufacturing 1,236 2,81,788 4,03,071 50.5
Manufacture of meals merchandise 69 8,646 10,922 1.4
Manufacture of drinks 12 4,005 5,582 0.7
Manufacture of tobacco merchandise 6 2,599 2,972 0.4
Manufacture of textiles 55 3,156 4,694 0.6
Manufacture of sporting attire 29 2,581 3,888 0.5
Manufacture of leather-based and associated merchandise 14 4,831 9,635 1.2
Manufacture of wooden and merchandise of wooden and cork, besides furnishings 10 210 310 0.0
Manufacture of paper and paper merchandise 8 836 1,614 0.2
Printing and replica of recorded media 4 57 67 0.0
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum merchandise 12 57,331 1,15,192 14.4
Manufacture of chemical compounds and chemical merchandise 130 29,289 45,726 5.7
Manufacture of prescription drugs, medicinal chemical and botanical merchandise 171 55,544 57,235 7.2
Manufacture of rubber and plastics merchandise 58 4,116 4,965 0.6
Manufacture of different non-metallic mineral merchandise 15 1,478 1,768 0.2
Manufacture of fundamental metals 32 6,525 9,281 1.2
Manufacture of fabricated metallic merchandise, besides equipment and tools 40 6,886 14,296 1.8
Manufacture of pc, digital and optical merchandise 22 5,084 5,536 0.7
Manufacture of electrical tools 43 1,894 2,566 0.3
Manufacture of equipment and tools not elsewhere categorized 117 5,555 6,059 0.8
Manufacture of motor automobiles, trailers and semi-trailers 29 27,093 28,537 3.6
Manufacture of different transport tools 12 2,120 2,769 0.3
Manufacture of furnishings 4 443 515 0.1
Other manufacturing 335 51,416 68,841 8.6
Repair and set up of equipment and tools 9 93 101 0.0
D. Electricity, gasoline, steam and air-con provide 42 174 710 0.1
E. Water provide; sewerage, waste administration and remediation actions 8 211 239 0.0
F. Construction 86 6,652 6,556 0.8
G. Services 2,427 2,64,829 3,75,266 47.1
1. Wholesale and retail commerce; restore of motor automobiles and bikes 354 46,315 58,725 7.4
2. Transportation and storage 99 13,995 24,382 3.1
3. Accommodation and Food service actions 75 1,364 1,942 0.2
4. Information and communication 964 1,57,879 2,03,069 25.4
5. Financial and insurance actions 206 11,541 13,374 1.7
6. Real property actions 62 247 437 0.1
7. Other Services actions 667 33,488 73,337 9.2
Total 3,883 5,67,475 7,98,326 100.0

Table 10B: Activity-wise Purchase of 6,448 Overseas Subsidiaries of 3,883 Indian entities
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Activity No. of Companies 2020-21 2021-22 % Share in Total (2021-22)
1 2 3 4 5
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied actions 15 1,149 1,322 0.2
B. Mining 69 10,315 8,083 1.2
C. Manufacturing 1,236 2,37,350 3,63,780 55.0
Manufacture of meals merchandise 69 7,470 9,973 1.5
Manufacture of drinks 12 1,577 5,096 0.8
Manufacture of tobacco merchandise 6 813 870 0.1
Manufacture of textiles 55 2,034 8,812 1.3
Manufacture of sporting attire 29 2,346 3,735 0.6
Manufacture of leather-based and associated merchandise 14 4,113 8,480 1.3
Manufacture of wooden and merchandise of wooden and cork, besides furnishings 10 171 253 0.0
Manufacture of paper and paper merchandise 8 686 1,195 0.2
Printing and replica of recorded media 4 44 52 0.0
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum merchandise 12 54,821 1,12,033 16.9
Manufacture of chemical compounds and chemical merchandise 130 24,497 40,922 6.2
Manufacture of prescription drugs, medicinal chemical and botanical merchandise 171 43,365 43,718 6.6
Manufacture of rubber and plastics merchandise 58 2,984 3,831 0.6
Manufacture of different non-metallic mineral merchandise 15 685 1,445 0.2
Manufacture of fundamental metals 32 6,201 8,251 1.2
Manufacture of fabricated metallic merchandise, besides equipment and tools 40 5,705 12,333 1.9
Manufacture of pc, digital and optical merchandise 22 4,452 4,582 0.7
Manufacture of electrical tools 43 1,523 1,941 0.3
Manufacture of equipment and tools not elsewhere categorized. 117 3,521 3,648 0.6
Manufacture of motor automobiles, trailers and semi-trailers 29 29,850 34,414 5.3
Manufacture of different transport tools 12 1,479 2,046 0.3
Manufacture of furnishings 4 251 301 0.0
Other manufacturing 335 38,714 55,799 8.4
Repair and set up of equipment and tools 9 48 50 0.0
D. Electricity, gasoline, steam and air-con provide 42 216 589 0.2
E. Water provide; sewerage, waste administration and remediation actions 8 216 211 0.0
F. Construction 86 5,174 6,090 0.9
G. Services 2,427 1,92,731 2,81,071 42.5
1. Wholesale and retail commerce; restore of motor automobiles and bikes 354 40,162 53,370 8.1
2. Transportation and storage 99 12,555 22,060 3.3
3. Accommodation and Food service actions 75 901 2,141 0.3
4. Information and communication 964 1,02,709 1,31,938 20.0
5. Financial and insurance actions 206 8,212 7,560 1.1
6. Real property actions 62 257 240 0.0
7. Other Services actions 667 27,935 63,762 9.6
Total 3,883 4,47,151 6,61,146 100.0

Table 10C: Activity-wise Exports of 6,448 Overseas Subsidiaries of 3,883 Indian entities
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Activity 2020-21 2021-22
Amount Amount % share in complete % share in gross sales
1 2 3 4 5
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied actions 599 1,054 0.3 60.6
B. Mining 8,733 5,049 1.3 47.0
C. Manufacturing 1,32,797 2,23,963 56.0 55.6
Manufacture of meals merchandise 5,149 6,235 1.6 57.1
Manufacture of drinks 685 782 0.2 14.0
Manufacture of tobacco merchandise 347 236 0.1 7.9
Manufacture of textiles 2,282 2,920 0.7 62.2
Manufacture of sporting attire 1,892 3,592 0.9 92.4
Manufacture of leather-based and associated merchandise 4,163 8,936 2.2 92.7
Manufacture of wooden and merchandise of wooden and cork, besides furnishings 191 292 0.1 94.2
Manufacture of paper and paper merchandise 597 1,191 0.3 73.8
Printing and replica of recorded media 37 50 0.0 74.6
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum merchandise 53,791 1,10,353 27.6 95.8
Manufacture of chemical compounds and chemical merchandise 14,549 25,270 6.3 55.3
Manufacture of prescription drugs, medicinal chemical and botanical merchandise 17,003 15,242 3.8 26.6
Manufacture of rubber and plastics merchandise 1,417 1,424 0.4 28.7
Manufacture of different non-metallic mineral merchandise 397 617 0.2 34.9
Manufacture of fundamental metals 111 233 0.1 2.5
Manufacture of fabricated metallic merchandise, besides equipment and tools 3,171 7,976 2.0 55.8
Manufacture of pc, digital and optical merchandise 4,197 4,346 1.1 78.5
Manufacture of electrical tools 799 1,167 0.3 45.5
Manufacture of equipment and tools not elsewhere categorized 1,790 2,116 0.5 34.9
Manufacture of motor automobiles, trailers and semi-trailers 5,363 7,700 1.9 27.0
Manufacture of different transport tools 847 1,000 0.2 36.1
Manufacture of furnishings 32 42 0.0 8.2
Other manufacturing 13,987 22,241 5.5 32.3
Repair and set up of equipment and tools 2 0.0 2.0
D. Electricity, gasoline, steam and air-con provide 89 115 0.0 16.2
E. Water provide; sewerage, waste administration and remediation actions 18 41 0.0 17.2
F. Construction 3,658 2,632 0.7 40.1
G. Services 1,05,711 1,67,325 41.7 44.6
1. Wholesale and retail commerce; restore of motor automobiles and bikes 31,769 41,960 10.5 71.5
2. Transportation and storage 9,646 14,389 3.6 59.0
3. Accommodation and Food service actions 413 641 0.2 33.0
4. Information and communication 38,801 50,848 12.7 25.0
5. Financial and insurance actions 3,172 3,331 0.7 24.9
6. Real property actions 205 251 0.1 57.4
7. Other Services actions 21,705 55,905 13.9 76.2
Total 2,51,605 4,00,179 100.0 50.1

Table 10D: Activity-wise Imports of 6,448 Overseas Subsidiaries of 3,883 Indian entities
(quantity in ₹ crore at market worth, end-March)
Activity 2020-21 2021-22
Amount Amount % share in complete % share in buy
1 2 3 4 5
A. Agriculture-related, Plantations & Allied actions 860 1,171 0.3 88.6
B. Mining 7,415 4,190 1.0 51.8
C. Manufacturing 1,61,472 2,52,667 62.2 69.5
Manufacture of meals merchandise 4,330 4,160 1.0 41.7
Manufacture of drinks 561 1,083 0.3 21.3
Manufacture of tobacco merchandise 495 379 0.1 43.6
Manufacture of textiles 1,659 2,819 0.7 32.0
Manufacture of sporting attire 836 554 0.1 14.8
Manufacture of leather-based and associated merchandise 3,005 8,263 2.0 97.4
Manufacture of wooden and merchandise of wooden and cork, besides furnishings 128 196 0.0 77.5
Manufacture of paper and paper merchandise 204 260 0.1 21.8
Printing and replica of recorded media 39 48 0.0 92.3
Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum merchandise 54,217 1,10,913 27.3 99.0
Manufacture of chemical compounds and chemical merchandise 16,744 27,936 6.9 68.3
Manufacture of prescription drugs, medicinal chemical and botanical merchandise 35,342 32,897 8.1 75.2
Manufacture of rubber and plastics merchandise 2,130 3,058 0.8 79.8
Manufacture of different non-metallic mineral merchandise 141 188 0.0 13.0
Manufacture of fundamental metals 5,128 7,048 1.7 85.4
Manufacture of fabricated metallic merchandise, besides equipment and tools 3,230 5,072 1.2 41.1
Manufacture of pc, digital and optical merchandise 4,061 4,051 1.0 88.4
Manufacture of electrical tools 965 1,325 0.3 68.3
Manufacture of equipment and tools not elsewhere categorized 1,937 1,925 0.5 52.8
Manufacture of motor automobiles, trailers and semi-trailers 5,175 6,387 1.6 18.6
Manufacture of different transport tools 955 1,501 0.4 73.4
Manufacture of furnishings 215 261 0.1 86.7
Other manufacturing 19,967 32,333 8.0 57.9
Repair and set up of equipment and tools 8 10 0.0 20.0
D. Electricity, gasoline, steam and air-con provide 66 97 0.0 16.5
E. Water provide; sewerage, waste administration and remediation actions 7 20 0.0 9.5
F. Construction 2,553 2,099 0.5 34.5
G. Services 97,663 1,46,348 36.0 52.1
1. Wholesale and retail commerce; restore of motor automobiles and bikes 28,900 37,625 9.3 70.5
2. Transportation and storage 3,631 5,223 1.3 23.7
3. Accommodation and Food service actions 237 369 0.1 17.2
4. Information and communication 40,459 45,396 11.2 34.4
5. Financial and insurance actions 2,583 2,684 0.7 35.5
6. Real property actions 134 162 0.0 67.5
7. Other Services actions 21,719 54,889 13.4 86.1
Total 2,70,036 4,06,592 100.0 61.5

1 The earlier knowledge release within the sequence, masking 2020-21 census spherical, was revealed on December 14, 2021 on the RBI web site.

2 Market worth of fairness of unlisted firms is compiled as per the personal fund e-book worth (OFBV) technique prescribed within the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide (2015) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

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