80% of Hypertensive Women Found to be Obese

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 Women were found to be more at risk of undiagnosed cardiovascular

problems than men

 37% of men are found to be at higher stress than women (23%)

New Delhi, June 15, 2022: According to the Global Burden of Disease, nearly a quarter
(24.8%) of all deaths in India are due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). And the risk has
been increasing gradually, especially in the younger population. Lately, it has also come to
light that the high Waist Hip Ratio (WHR), BP and obesity has turned out to be the leading
causes of the increasing rate of CVDs in women. 
 
To bring to the fore the growing evidence of the link between obesity, hypertension and
Waist Hip Ratio and CVDs in the Indian population and to educate them about its early
detection by preventive screening, India Health Link (IHL) in collaboration with HEAL
Foundation has conducted a study on Preventing Heart Diseases in Youth: Growing
evidence of a link between Waist Hip Ratio (WHR), BP & BMI and CVDs.  
 
In the study, 1599 respondents participated from residential societies (RWAs) and patients
from hospitals. There were 1103 respondents from hospitals, and 496 from residential
societies (RWAs). The study had 68% men and 38% women participants. The sample
diagnostic test results of the participants were collected from IHL’s Digital Kiosk/Health
ATMs. The test parameters included participants’ demographics, gender, age, BMI, BP and
Waist Hip Ratio (WHR). 
 
The study has brought out that almost half (48%) of the total population is either
hypertensive or at risk, and 30% have a high Waist Hip Ratio (WHR), which shows early
indication of the onset of CVDs in due course. However, while comparing men with women,
more men (37%) are found to be at higher stress than women (23%). But amongst the
hypertensive, 80% of women were obese or overweight compared to 67% of men.
Furthermore, a striking 67% of those women had high WHR compared to just 28% of men
with high WHR. 
Throwing light on the relation between the rising high Waist Hip Ratio (WHR), obesity and
hypertension and the incidence of CVDs, Dr H K Chopra, Sr. Consultant Cardiologist,
Medanta Moolchand Heart Institute, New Delhi Chairman, CME, Moolchand
Medicity, New Delhi, President, World Heart Academy, Former National
President, CSI, IAE, said, “Metabolic syndromes like obesity and hypertension are
significantly associated with the risk of the incidence of CVDs; however, recent studies have
revealed that Waist Hip Ratio (WHR) is also a strong indicator of the early onset of CVDs.”
While presenting the study revelation on the growing evidence of a link between Waist Hip
Ratio (WHR), BP & BMI and CVDs, Dr Satyender Goel, Founder & CEO, India Health
Link (IHL) said, “The study has brought out that there is a strong correlation between the

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increasing Waist Hip Ratio, BMI and BP, and the rising incidence of CVDs in the younger
population. But in the study, one striking finding revealed that 80% of hypertensive women
are obese, and 67% of them have a high Waist Hip Ratio. And overall, women were found
to be more at risk of undiagnosed cardiovascular problems than men.” 
 
“As the respondents of the study were patients from hospitals and people from residential
societies (RWAs), a similar high percent prevalence of hypertension and obesity was found
between the patients in hospitals and residents in societies. So, what the study infers, is the
need for behaviour change and inculcating the habit of regular preventive screening for
women and men of all ages, irrespective of their professional status, to bring down the rate
of the incidence of CVDs. A sedentary lifestyle has a big impact on the early development of
cardiovascular diseases, which tend to go unnoticed until it becomes chronic. Thus, the
study reveals that the high WHR with persistent hypertension and obesity are the leading
causes of the rising incidence of CVDs and the cases of premature heart attacks in the
younger Indian population,” added Dr Goel.
“Of late, the India Health Link Study brings out a strong correlation between the increasing
Waist Hip Ratio, BMI and BP and the rising incidence of CVDs in the younger population,
which majorly contributes to the incidence of CVDs. Indians are not used to prioritising their
preventive care and go for initial screening; hence many such preventable diseases are not
diagnosed early, resulting in an increasing disease burden. There is a lack of awareness
about heart health and its link to other metabolic vitals in our society. We need to spread
awareness about preventive screening and educate the masses about its importance. Lately,
ATM size portable digital preventive health screening devices are available in India, which
needs to be propagated across the country at different strata of society for preventive
screening to mitigate the rising incidence of CVDs,” said Dr H K Chopra, Sr. Consultant
Cardiologist, Medanta Moolchand Heart Institute, New Delhi Chairman, CME,
Moolchand Medicity, New Delhi, President, World Heart Academy, Former
National President, CSI, IAE.
Emphasizing the importance of preventive screening for heart health, Dr Sonia Rawat,
Director, Department of Preventive Health & Wellness, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital,
New Delhi, said, “The high risk of CVDs among the young population due to the increasing
Waist Hip Ratio, BMI and BP that the IHL study reveals, presents an alarming picture for the
heart health of the youth. The leading reason behind the rising incidence of CVDs is the lack
of knowledge about preventive care amongst the masses. Therefore, it is essential for
everyone, especially women who are more at risk of undiagnosed cardiovascular problems,
to adhere to regular preventive screening.”