NEW DELHI: India’s telecom sector is going through a period of stress owing to growing losses and rising debt, amid heightened competition due to the ?? disruptive entry of ?Reliance Jio, the Economic Survey said in its findings on Monday.
While highlighting reduced revenue and irrational spectrum costs, the survey also underlined that the ‘crisis’ being faced by telcos has also deeply impacted their investors, lenders, partners and vendors as well.
“It is important to note that the telecom sector is going through a stress period with growing losses, debt pile, price war, reduced revenue and irrational spectrum costs,” the Survey said, adding that it had flagged the situation in the previous economic survey as well.
“A new entrant has disrupted the market with low-cost data services and the revenue of incumbent players has fallen. The crisis has also severely impacted investors, lenders, partners and vendors of these telecom companies,” it added.
The newest entrant in Indian telecom sector Reliance Jio started offering free data and voice calls from September 5, 2016 and since then has been able to garner a subscriber base of more than 160 million users as of December 2017. Jio’s plans lead to a tariff war between incumbent carriers including Bharti AirtelBSE -2.66 %, Vodafone India and Idea Cellular, with Jio, which resulted in free voice calls for customers coupled with dollops of free data, but eroded revenue for the older carriers.
Besides the tough competition in the market, carriers have claimed that almost 30 paise of every rupee earned by them is paid as levy and taxes to the government, which is a major reason for the industry’s debt of Rs 7.7 lakh crore. They, therefore, want sharp reduction in levies and lower spectrum prices.
The survey added that the government was formulating a new telecom policy (NTP), where issues of regulatory and licensing frameworks impacting the sector, connectivity for all, quality of services, ease of doing business and absorption of new technologies including 5G and IoT will be addressed. The government plans to bring out the policy by April 2018, even as it takes into account views of all stakeholders including recommendations of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).
Trai has also recommended new policy on net neutrality which prohibits discriminatory tariffs for data services, where service providers are restricted from entering into any arrangement, agreement, or contract, with any person, natural or legal, that has the effect of discriminatory treatment based on content, sender or receiver, protocols or user equipment. The government is yet to take a final call on the policy, but recently Telecom Minister Manoj Sinha said that the government’s views were in tandem with those of the regulator. economictimes