Development Alternatives Hosted trialogue 2047

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    Cement Production is the biggest contributors to environment pollution

    Limestone Calcined Clay Cement (LC 3 ), is the major innovation to reduce carbon
    emissions

    Development Alternatives (DA) hosted the 24 th “trialogue 2047” to bring a light upon the
    urgent need to decarbonise the cement industry, which is considered one of the biggest
    contributors to environmental pollution. The “trialogue2047” brought together key
    stakeholders of this sector on one platform, including Ms. Ruchika Drall, Deputy Secretary,
    Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, GoI; Mr. S. Chandrasekar, IFS,
    Member Secretary, Bihar State Pollution Control Board; Dr. Jonathan Demenge, Head of
    Cooperation, Swiss agency of development and cooperation (India); Dr Soumen Maity, Vice
    President, Development Alternatives and Dr Mukesh Kumar, R&D Head, J.K. Laxmi
    Cement Ltd.

    The discussion arrived at a consensus that the best way forward is to adopt transformative
    technologies that help in decarbonising the cement industry. This needs a strong
    commitment and cooperation on the part of the cement industry, government, institutions,
    civil society and academia.

    DA Group in association with École poly technique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)
    Switzerland, Indian Institute of Technology Madras and Delhi, and Universidad Central
    “Marta Abreu” de Las Villas, (UCLV) Cuba, supported by Swiss Agency for Development
    and Cooperation, India, Embassy of Switzerland have been working from the last decade
    on Limestone Calcined Clay Cement (LC 3 ), which is seen as a major innovation to reduce
    emissions. LC 3 reduces the clinker factor in cement production by the addition of calcined
    clay and waste limestone. While LC 3 has become a cement of choice in over a dozen
    countries in Africa, South America, and South East Asia, the standards for commercially
    producing LC 3 in India is at the final stages with the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). It is
    expected to be published very soon.

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    TARA the “incubation engine” of the DA Group in association with IIT Delhi and IIT Madras
    has worked towards commercial production of LC 3 in India. Lately, it has been a preferred
    technology and knowledge partner with large conglomerates in the sector such as JK
    Lakshmi Cement for the commercial production of LC 3 . It is hoped that with commercial use
    of LC 3 , India will be able to provide a profitable and viable solution against the adverse
    effects of climate change and achieve the nationally determined commitments made at
    COP26 by the Honourable Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi.

    During the trialogue 2047, Ms. Ruchika Drall, Deputy Secretary, Ministry of
    Environment, Forest and Climate Change, GoI, said “Industry’s transition to low carbon
    pathway is important to meet the India’s goal to net zero by 2047. Leadership for industry
    transition (LeadIT) is one such initiative by the government of India to support transition of
    hard to abate sectors.”

    Mr. S. Chandrasekar, IFS, Member Secretary, Bihar State Pollution Control Board, said
    “In order to become a carbon-neutral state by 2040, Bihar is working on a long-term strategy
    for low carbon and climate-resilient development, partnering with organisations such as The
    Development Alternatives Group. Recently, we have completed a study on GHG inventory of
    the brick sector with the help of Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation and Development
    Alternatives Group. To reduce emissions from the bricks sector, we promote fly
    ash technology in the state. There are over 500 fly ash brick enterprises in the state. We
    have also initiated GHG (Green House Gases) inventorisation of the cement plants in Bihar.
    LC3 will play a significant role in the state as well as in the country to minimise emissions.”   

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    Dr Soumen Maity, Vice President, Development Alternatives, said “We have been at the
    forefront in ensuring the decarbonisation of the cement industry. We have been working for
    over a decade to reach this juncture where a synergy between public and private partnership
    can be created. With the “trialogue 2047” we hope the PPP approach will facilitate the final
    goal of decarbonisation.”

    Dr Mukesh Kumar, R&D Head, J.K. Laxmi Cement Ltd, said “Our Company, JK Laxmi
    cement Ltd is involved in decarbonisation of cement production in various ways. JKL has
    signed an MOU on 3rd May 2022, in collaboration of TARA in presence of Shri Arun Kumar
    Shukla, President of JKL and Dr S.K Saxena.JKL has produced 5million tones of LC3
    cement the year 2016 in collaboration of IIT Delhi and TARA.

    Decarbonising Cement Production
    Cement production is one of the most resource- and energy-intensive processthat causea
    significant impact on the environment and natural resource base. Despite the noteworthy
    progress by the Indian cement industry in enhancing energy efficiency, greenhouse gas
    (GHG) emissions from the cement sector are still significantly higher (187 million tonnes of
    CO 2 in 2015-16) (GHG Platform India, 2016). The magnitude of projected demand for
    buildings and infrastructure in India will result in the cement industry expanding threefold
    by2050, resulting in a proportionate increase in the sector’s CO 2 emissions. This is a cause
    for concern as the release of such large quantities of CO 2 into the atmosphere will
    exacerbate the extent of global warming and intensify the effects related to climate change.

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