Bhopal, September , 2018: *Heart disease is still the leading cause of death in India, killing 1.7 million Indians in 2016, according to the 2016 Global Burden of Disease Report. Leading Endocrinologist Dr. Sachin Chittawar MD – General Medicine, DM – Endocrinology and Cardiologist Dr. Pankaj Manoria MD, DM – Cardiology addressed the issue of an alarming increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD) trend in the city in the wake of World Heart Day 2018 which will take place on September 29, 2018. The doctors came together with an aim to increase awareness of the growing CVD cases and to dispel myths and fears regarding the disease. The initiative was taken to reduce the growing trend and propel the thought towards the theme “MY HEART, for YOUR HEART” for this year’s World Heart Day 2018.
Cardiovascular Disease claims 1/3rd of lives after age 40, in MP
The term ‘cardiovascular disease’ (CVD) refers to any disease of the heart. Most prevalent cardiovascular diseases include coronary heart disease (e.g. heart attack) and cerebrovascular disease (e.g. stroke). The reasons for the prevalence of increasing CVD cases in the city over the years is because of changing lifestyle patterns like smoking, consuming alcohol, unhealthy diet and limited physical activity. *A study from All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has suggested that 35% of patients who had a heart attack are below 50 and 10 % are under 30.
Talking about the increase in heart diseases in Bhopal and its symptoms, Dr. Pankaj Manoria, Senior Cardiologist said “The number of CVD cases in Bhopal have increased over the years. In fact, in Madhya Pradesh, Ischemic Heart Disease is the Leading cause of loss of life-years due to ill-health, disability or early death (jumping 6 ranks, from 1990 to 2016). CVD accounts for 1/3rd of all deaths after the age of 40. With the sedentary lifestyle, the cases of heart problems are now alarming increasing in the young population. I have come across patients in their 30s, who have heart disease.
The symptoms of such diseases tend to vary from individual to individual, and may be absent or atypical in presence of underlying diabetes. Increasing breathlessness, giddiness, sweating, or chest discomfort could be symptoms of heart disease. Any person experiencing these symptoms should visit a doctor to ensure timely diagnosis, so that correct treatment can be started.”
Highlighting the causes of heart diseases, Dr. Sachin Chittawar, Senior Endocrinologist said, High blood glucose (blood sugar) can be indicative of diabetes. CVD accounts for 2/3rd of all deaths in people with diabetes. So if it’s left undiagnosed and untreated it can put one at increased risk of heart disease and stroke. In fact, diabetes and CVD sprout from common soil, having common antecedents.
A majority of CVDs are preventable. All that is required are a few lifestyle changes. Decreasing the consumption of alcohol and tobacco, cessation of smoking, reducing intake of salt, increasing consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables, taking measures to curb obesity are some of the important steps that can help prevent CVDs. Regular exercising, staying physically active, changing sedentary lifestyle, and managing stress also helps keep heart diseases at bay.”
As per surveys conducted over the years the cause of the CVD also is linked to genetics and diabetes.* Both these factors play a key role in the development of heart disease. According to the study released by WHO, High blood glucose (blood sugar) can be indicative of diabetes. CVD accounts for 60% of all deaths in people with diabetes so if it’s left undiagnosed and untreated it can put you at increased risk of heart disease and stroke. In adults with diabetes, the most common causes of death are heart disease and stroke.
It remains a fact that the number of people affected by heart diseases in Bhopal has gone up and we need to do a lot more work in terms of education, prevention, management and treatment of patients. It therefore becomes imperative to tackle the problem as early as possible and spread awareness on the correct and most effective way to handle it.