Post demonetisation, the government has been trying various means to enhance the digital payment experience of customers at retail merchant locations.
Along with UPI (Unified Payments Interface) or card swiping on point of sales (PoS) machines, the government has introduced QR code based payment which can be done through the customer’s smartphone. ET decodes the intricacies of BharatQR.
1. What is QR Code?
QR Code stands for Quick Response Code which is a matrix bar code designed specially to contain information about the thing on which it is placed. It might be used as a sticker on a product which contains the details of it or might be stuck on a shop win dow which can contain account details about the specific merchant.
2. What is BharatQR?
BharatQR is a matrix of bar codes that has been developed by leading payment companies of the country -Visa, Mastercard, National Payments Corporation of India (which run RuPay), and American Express -to develop a complete digital pay ments infrastructure at retail merchant outlets.
The QRCode would be printed on a placard at merchant outlets for cus tomers to scan and pay .
3. Why the need for BharatQR?
The main reason for this is, it is ideal for small roadside mer chants who find it tough to invest in point-of-sale terminals for card payments. For them, BharatQR is an asset-light and cheap payment solution. There is no need to invest on a terminal hardware, the merchant just needs a smartphone and a QR code printed sticker to accept digital payments.
4. How will it be implemented?
The RBI has instructed the pay ment companies to develop the solution and then pass it on to banks which are expected to hand over printed QR codes to merchants who are current account holders with the bank.This ensures there’s interoperability and customers will not have to bother which mobile wallet app to use or which bank’s app to pay with.
5. How do you make payments through BharatQR?
The consumer after buying an article will need to open his bank’s mobile banking application, put the pin number of his debit card, switch on the camera, scan the QR code, and pay instantly to the merchant’s account. The only thing that the customer needs to do is to map the bank’s debit card with that mobile banking application to ensure instant recognition.
6. At what stage of activation is BharatQR now?
As of Monday , BharatQR has gone live with 14 banks. All the major ones like SBI, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Axis Bank and others will start enrolling its merchants on BharatQR so that they can start accepting payments. Customers with any of these banks will be able to make as well as collect payments via scanning of QR codes. In the second phase, NPCI is planning to introduce payment means through IFS code, Aadhaar Pay and even Unified Payments Interface.