NEW DELHI: The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Bill, 2016, became an act on May 1, kick-starting the process of making rules as well as putting in place institutional infrastructure to protect the interests of home buyers in India.
While acknowledging that the act is a positive development, property experts said the new rules should address problems faced by builders in getting sanctions and approvals in a timely manner. “Government authorities should also be made accountable for timebound approvals through the rules that will be made,” said Anshuman Magazine, managing director of property advisory firm CBRE South Asia.
He said that if this happens, it will be one of the major steps towards the recovery of the Indian real estate market and will improve the confidence of both consumers and institutional investors – domestic or foreign. “Of course, it should not become another hurdle for development, which will then raise property prices in the long term,” said Magazine.
The Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation notified 69 of the act’s 92 sections that come into force from May 1. Rules for implementing the provisions of the act have to be formulated by the central and state governments within six months – by October 31 – the maximum period stipulated in Section 84 of the act.
The housing ministry will make the rules for Union Territories while the Ministry of Urban Development will do so for Delhi.
The key to providing succour to home buyers will be the setting up of Real Estate Regulatory Authorities, which will require all projects to be registered, and the formation of Appellate Tribunals to adjudicate disputes.
According to Section 20 of the act, state governments have to establish the regulatory authorities within one year of the law coming into force. These authorities will decide on the complaints of buyers and developers in 60 days.
The act seeks to protect the rights of home buyers, mandates registration of projects, including those that have not got completion or occupancy certificates.
Registration will require builders to set aside 70% of the funds collected from buyers and pay interest in case of delays. Any officer, preferably the secretary of the department dealing with housing, can be appointed as the interim regulatory authority.
Once the regulators are set up, they will get three months to formulate regulationsconcerning their functioning. Real Estate Appellate Tribunals need to be formed within a year – by April 30, 2017. These fast-track tribunals will decide on disputes over orders of the regulators within 60 days.
A committee chaired by the secretary of the housing ministry has started work on formulation of model rules so that states and UTs can frame their rules quickly, besides ensuring uniformity across the country. The ministry will also will come out with model regulations for the regulatory authorities.
The remaining sections of the act that have to be notified relate to aspects such as the functions and duties of promoters, rights and duties of allottees, prior registration of real estate projects with the regulatory authorities, recovery of interest on penalties, enforcement of orders, offences, penalties and adjudication.
Considering that there 12 months left for the regulatory authorities to be set up by the states, builders are expected to speed up work to avoid the stringent provisions of the new real estate regulatory act.