New Delhi: India’s retail inflation eased in March to a six-month low, helped by smaller rises in food prices, giving relief to policymakers as they strive for faster economic growth without unleashing price pressures.
Raghuram Rajan, governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), cut policy rates by 25 basis points last week to a more than five-year low, saying he could look for more room to ease if inflation trends stay benign.
Annual consumer price inflation, which the RBI tracks to set its interest rate policy, eased to 4.83 percent in March from a year ago, data released by the Ministry of Statistics on Tuesday showed.
If inflation holds below 5 percent, that could encourage the central bank to ease interest rates further, some analysts said, while others saw little room left.
“The drop in Indian consumer price inflation in March is likely to fuel talk of more interest rate cuts, but we think that the scope for further monetary loosening is limited,” said Shilan Shah, India economist at Capital Economics.
Economists surveyed by Reuters had forecast retail inflation would slow to 5 percent in March from an upwardly revised 5.26 percent in February.
Output at factories, utilities and mines grew an annual 2 percent in February, higher than the 1.0 percent forecast by economists surveyed by Reuters.
Retail inflation has eased from double digits in 2013, helped by a plunge in global crude oil prices, tight monetary policy and fiscal consolidation.
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley aims to bring down the federal deficit to 3.5 percent of gross domestic product in the current fiscal year, while allocating more funds to the struggling farm sector.
Food inflation eased slightly to 5.21 percent in March from 5.30 percent the previous month.
Offering hope that India’s two-year drought may soon end, India’s weather office forecast that this year’s June-September monsoon rains would be above average.
“The above-normal monsoon forecast should augur well for agricultural production, and thus there are downside risks to inflation estimates as far as food inflation is concerned,” said Madhavi Arora, an economist at Kotak Mahindra Bank in Mumbai.
India’s annual economic growth slowed to 7.3 percent in the October-December quarter from 7.7 percent the previous quarter, below the 8.0 percent growth needed to generate jobs for the millions of Indians joining the workforce each year.
The central bank aims to bring retail inflation down to 4 percent by March 2018.
It fears a proposed hike of about 24 percent in the wages of nearly 10 million federal government employees and pensioners later this year could put upward pressure of 1-1.5 percent on inflation.
In Asia, China’s annual retail inflation remained stable at 2.3 percent in March, followed by South Korea’s 1.0 percent, compared with 4.45 percent in Indonesia.