Madhya Pradesh transforming into ‘Bagh Pradesh’


Population of tigers is increasing due to constant efforts being made in Madhya Pradesh. The Forest Department has adopted an innovative scheme to avoid confrontation for dominance among the young tigers and with human beings. The department by creating a favourable environment is shifting tigers to such sanctuaries, where there are no tigers at present. After setting an example in the world by rehabilitation of tigers in Panna, the department has shifted 6 tigers in Sanjay Tiger Reserve of Sidhi successfully. There are about 30 tigers today in Panna, the place which was struggling with zero tiger population. Work to rehabilitate tigers in Nouradehi sanctuary is in progress now. Madhya Pradesh is not only contributing in increasing the tigers’ population in the state but also in the entire country. The state will facilitate Satkosiya sanctuary of Odisha with 3 pairs of tigers shortly.

Probably, tigers used to exist long time ago at the Nouradehi sanctuary, located at a distance of 140 k.m. from Jabalpur, which is spread over 1197 square kilometer area of Damoh, Sagar and Narsinghpur district. There is no scarcity of water, as this forest is the basin of two biggest rivers of the country, Ganga and Narmada. The Forest department has started populating tigers in this largest sanctuary of the country on the lines of Panna. A two and half year old tigress from Kanha and about 5 year old tiger from Bandhavgarh were shifted to this sanctuary on April 18 and 29 respectively. The tigress has become accustomed to this place, but the department is making hard efforts to accommodate the tiger at this new home. Separate special enclosures have been prepared for both at war footing in just 3 days by the Nouradehi team with the help of Bandhavgarh Reserve Team. The management has given them N-1 and N-2 names. This pair, which has been called by the name Radha-Kisan has filled the local people with enthusiasm and infused them with a sense of pride.

Forest Zonal Officer Shri Ramesh Chandra Vishwakarma said that after initially being uncomfortable for one or two days, the tigress has started adjusting to the new environment. She is hunting also besides her following her natural routine in her enclosure built in one hectare. Forest officials and staff are supervising the health and safety of the tigress round the clock through a loft located nearby and a vehicle.

The tiger has freed itself from the enclosure and has built its whereabouts in a naturally formed lane on the banks of a nullah, situated at a distance of two and a half kilometers from the enclosure. The tiger, weighing over 200 kilograms, is quite healthy and strong. After being uncomfortable in the early days, the tiger too has started mixing in the new environment. A team has come to Bandhavgarh with elephants for the rescue of the tiger. The Forest Department has kept constant vigilance on the tiger. After some time decision would be taken keeping the tiger’s liking in mind whether it has to be taken back to the enclosure or allow it to wander freely in the jungle.

Villagers residing in the sanctuary are also extending their support. There were 69 villages in the sanctuary out of which 10 villages have been displaced and their compensation has also been given, Process of displacement of 7 villages is in progress. Four are from Sagar district while 3 are from Narsinghpur district.

The villagers are also happy that they no longer have to face difficulties in the forest. There is electricity in the house, there are roads and means for traveling. There is no fear of wild animals like leopard, jackal etc. Large quantity of grass has been developed in empty villages. This will increase the number of herbivores giving tigers a lot to hunt.

With the end of human intervention due to displacement the forest is coming back to its natural form. The number of bears, sambhar, chital, chinkara, wild cat etc. has increased alongwith the Indian wolf here. As many as 125 leopards have come here from Pench National Park in seven