Ease of doing business: After rural land records, Maharashtra mulls e-mutations for urban property cards


After rolling out e-mutations for rural land records, the state government is working on extending the project to urban property cards in a major step taken in the land records reforms process.
Mutation is the process of changing and updating details such as ownership in land records and e-mutations will see these transactions being reflected immediately in these registers, albeit after the necessary procedures are completed.

The project, which will see the databases of registrars like the land records department and sub-registrar offices and even municipal bodies being linked for real-time data sharing, will ease property and land transactions by reducing red-tape and bring about ease of doing business.
“The property cards have already been digitised and uploaded online. Now, we are working on linking the mutation process to it. We have completed the basic cleaning of the data and the software is being prepared by a
National Informatics Centre (NIC) team. Once this (project) is completed, the change (mutation) in ownership will immediately be integrated in the property details,” Sambhajirao Kadu Patil, settlement commissioner and director of land records, told dna.
“Otherwise, we get numerous complaints about the details not being registered in the property cards. Here, this will happen immediately and… the property cards will be updated instantaneously and in case it is not done, we can monitor the progress,” he added.
Maharashtra has 55.58 lakh property cards.
“Once a transaction is registered in the sub-registrar’s office, we will get real-time intimation and take it up for processing. Within 72 hours, we will have to register the mutation or seek further documents. Notices will be automatically generated and issued to parties other than those who sign the sale deed,” said an official, adding that the process would reduce the manual element involved and cut down on delays. Once the mutation is certified (after completing the formalities), it will be available for downloading online.
“This will ensure accountability… as applications will not be kept pending for over 21 days. The data will be online on a real-time basis, which will prevent instances of people being cheated and also reduce corruption.
Reports on trends like property transactions above a certain amount can be retrieved. This land records data will also be linked to banks, which will be able to know if an encumbrance has been generated on the property and reduce cases of loans being taken from multiple financial institutions for the same property,” the official explained.
He said they were awaiting the state government’s final clearance for the Rs16.07-crore project.
It will also ensure a gradual transition towards a conclusive land title unlike in the present system, where a land title has presumptive value till someone disputes it or proves otherwise, and reduce property-related frauds. This will be on the lines of international standards like the Torrens title system of land title registry in Canada and Australia.