Indore, May , 2018 : Low salt, high fibre, balanced potassium and vitamin and mineral rich diet also known as DASH diet or Dietary Approach To Stop Hypertension has been found very helpful in controlling the blood pressure. This diet may prevent hypertension. Earlier a disease of elderly is now targeting youths in large number. There has been about 50 per cent increase in hypertension among youth in last one year. Stress, junk food, alcohol, tobacco, obesity, lack of exercise and sleep are some of the major risk factors for this deadly disease among youth. It is estimated that one out of every three person in India is suffering from this silent killer.
Dr. Akhilesh Jain
Dr. Akhilesh Jain, renowned cardiologist, informed this at a press conference organised here on the eve of World Hypertension Day. He said “High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a silent enemy; it manifests itself quietly and wreaks much havoc undetected. The long term hypertension among youth results into damage to major organs like kidney, liver, heart, brain and eyes and it severely hampers productivity in their peak time i.e. 45-50 years of age”.
Dr. Jain said skipping health check-ups, popping pills without consultation, sleep apnoea, and prescription of certain drugs by many physicians are another reasons for the increase of this disease. The theme for World Hypertension Day this year is “Know Your Numbers”, with the goal of increasing awareness about high blood pressure (BP) within all populations around the world. It is important to keep a tab on numbers. Normal blood pressure is defined as an average reading no higher than 120/80 mm Hg. A readings of 140/90 or higher is considered high blood pressure, and anything in between is considered “pre-hypertension”, which does not show any clear symptoms. However, severe hypertension shows signs of headaches, sleepiness, palpitation, blurred vision, fatigue, dizziness, confusion, ringing sensation in the ears, breathing difficulty and irregular heartbeat which may even lead to coma, he said.
Dr. Jain said special care is required to treat hypertension patients with conditions like pregnancy, diabetes, asthma, kidney disease and elderly people. As hypertension is an inheritable disease, it can be passed on to children from parents having hypertension or a family history of diabetes, obesity, smoking, lack of exercise, excess alcohol drinking and use of oral contraceptive pills. Its complications are atherosclerosis (narrowing of arteries), brain haemorrhage which is a blood clot in brain (stroke), heart attack, aneurysm, kidney failure, heart failure and eye damage.